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Introduction to aquaculture

Aquaculture is described as the production of aquatic organisms, whether animal or vegetable, and together with extractive fishing, constitutes a vital and irreplaceable source of protein for the world population and the development of the Blue Economy.

Of the total 214 million tonnes of aquatic organisms caught and farmed worldwide in 2020, 12.6 million tonnes came from aquaculture, specifically 87.5 million tonnes from animals and 35.1 million tonnes from of algae, corresponding 54.4 million tons to continental or freshwater aquaculture and 68.1 million to marine and coastal aquaculture.

Marine aquaculture thus constitutes a fundamental link of the Blue Economy, since, apart from fulfilling its function of nutrition of the population and guarantor of food security, it contributes to the well-being of coastal economies, using world marine aquaculture at 20 47 million workers.

Along with the tourist and outreach activity, Esteros la Salicornia, develops in its different facilities, a work of production of aquatic organisms, specifically bivalve molluscs, cultivating in estuaries transformed for their aquaculture production, fine clams, Japanese clams and curled oysters. , a productive activity that combines with collecting fishing bait, and estuary fish captures through artisanal fishing.