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Golden fish

The sea bream (Sparus aurata), is a perciform fish of the Sparidae family (same family as bream, snapper, breca, herrera, mojarra), a marine species, well known both in the world of sport fishing, aquaculture and in the gastronomy.
With a compressed and oval body, it has a pronounced convex dorsal fin, the pectoral fins being elongated and ending in a point.

The caudal fin has a black band and a slight depression, which divides it into two portions. Its operculum is smooth.
With a silver belly and a bluish-green back, its best-known characteristic is its rounded head, where there is a golden stripe on the upper part of its eyes.

Adult specimens can reach a meter in length and 7 kilograms in weight. Its diet is characterized by its diversity, since it feeds on both fish, crustaceans and mollusks, which it achieves thanks to a low mouth, fleshy lips and powerful teeth.
It is a protandrous hermaphrodite species, so individuals are male from birth to two years of age, at which time they become female.

It inhabits shallow waters with both rocky and sandy bottoms. It likes to be in depths of about 30 meters and is distributed along the entire Atlantic coast, from Cape Verde to the British Isles, as well as along the entire Mediterranean coast.
It is a diurnal species, although in the month of September, when it reproduces and its activity intensifies, it lasts overnight.

The sea bream is the most cultivated marine fish species in Spain, and one of the most produced in the world, with Greece being the largest European producer.
Their breeding occurs mostly in the high seas (Off shore), in mesh cages a short distance from the coast, where the individuals are introduced and fed by providing feed specifically developed for this species.

For the southwest of the peninsula, it is worth noting the existence of a unique aquaculture model in Spain and that is developed in marshes transformed into salt pans and later adapted for aquaculture use (estuaries), constituting the natural ecosystem that the marshes represent, an unbeatable habitat breeding fish, crustaceans and marine molluscs.

This peculiar aquaculture system translates into a product of exceptional quality, because in the estuaries, the fish have greater mobility and complementing their diet with marine crustaceans and molluscs, which inhabit the bottoms of the estuaries; Thus, the animals raised in this way have a lower proportion of fat and a firmer muscular structure, as well as a greater and more pronounced taste of the sea.

Sea bream, together with sea bass, is one of the most popular fish in our gastronomy, being able to be prepared in a multitude of ways and having product availability 12 months of the year, thanks to aquaculture production.
In addition, with a caloric intake of around 70-80 kcal, it provides minerals in considerable proportions such as potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, among others, as well as a high level of protein.